CELTA Questions. Part B – Pre-Interview Task
Please complete the following task carefully as it is one of the factors we take into consideration when making a decision about your application. Please note that it is not only permissible but actively encouraged to refer to a grammar book and a dictionary in preparing your answers. Bear in mind that your explanations should reflect what you might say in a classroom to students and so should not be over-complicated.
Part One – Grammar
For each of the following sentences: 1. Correct the error, which is highlighted. Write the corrected sentence as done in the example.
2. Explain, as simply as possible, why the corrected version is more appropriate. Example:
|Incorrect sentence||I read a book at the moment.|
|Why is this incorrect?||Because the present simple does not refer to what you are doing at the moment of speaking but, for example, to habits. “I read a book every month” would be correct.|
|Corrected sentence||I’m reading a book at the moment.|
|Why is the sentence correct?||We use the present continuous to express the idea of an action taking place at or around the moment of speaking.|
|Incorrect sentence||I’m going to the cinema at least once a week.|
|Why is this incorrect?|
|Why is the sentence correct?|
A: Do you fancy playing tennis at 12 o’clock tomorrow?
B: I’m sorry, I can’t join you at that time (and now choose from the following to complete the answer – please say which answers are possible and which are not. To give you a clue, two are incorrect for this context, one is preferable and the other two could be seen as possible; please explain your decisions):
Part Two – Grammar
How would you explain to a learner of English the difference in meaning between the following pairs / sets of sentences?
2.1 (to an intermediate level student):
|1. If he comes with us, he’ll learn some Spanish.
2. If he came with us, he’d learn some Spanish.
3. If he’d come with us, he’d have learnt some Spanish.
2.2 (to an elementary level student):
|1. She likes ice-cream. 2. She’d like an ice-cream.
2.3 (to an upper intermediate level student):
|1. She went to prison. 2. She’s gone to prison.
3. She went to the prison.
4. She’s gone to the prison.
5. She’s in prison.
6. She’s at the prison.
Part Three – Vocabulary
|How would you explain to a learner of English the difference in meaning between the following pairs / sets of words?
3.1 (to an intermediate level student):
3.2 (to a pre-intermediate level student – and please indicate the part of speech for these items):
3.3 (to an elementary level student):
Part Four – Pronunciation
Divide the words below into four groups depending on the number of syllables and the syllable which is stressed.
|Group 1||Group 2||Group 3||Group 4|
Part Five – Functional Language
A function is, put simply, what a piece of language does / expresses. For example, when you say “If I were you, I’d take an aspirin”, the function is that of giving advice. What are the functions of the following pieces of language?
|Example piece of language||Function|
|“If I were you, I’d take an aspirin.”||Giving advice.|
|“I wish I hadn’t missed the train!”|
|“Can I go out and play?”|
|“Let’s have a drink!”|
|“I’m really sorry I broke your plate.”|
|“Would you like a piece of cake?”|
Part Six – Teacher Talk
|Re-phrase the following examples of “teacher talk” in language that an elementary level learner might understand:
So, what we’re going to do now is open our books on page 47 please.
|Could you possibly say what you just said again so that the others can hear?
If I were to ask you what the name of this tense is would any of you actually know?
Part Seven – Teaching Ideas
Imagine you are teaching a multilingual group (therefore no use of translation) of beginners studying English for the first time (they may have had a couple of lessons and can use language such as “Yes”, “No”, “Please” and “Thank you”). How will you try to conveythe meaning of the phrase “Would you like…?” with the target sentence being “Would you like a cup of coffee?”
Part Eight – Skills
Language teaching is not just about grammar and vocabulary; we also teach language skills, these being speaking, writing, reading and listening. The following are the stages of an example reading lesson. Please put a number in the middle column to indicate the order in which you would do the stages and then in the right hand column, briefly explain the rationale for your choice.
|Students check answers in pairs|
|Brief open class feedback|
|Students check answers in pairs|
|Open class feedback in which students may be asked to justify their answers|
|Students read with a short, strict time limit|
|Generate interest in the text|
|An oral response-to-the-text task where students discuss what they have read|
|Predict the content|
|The teacher sets several more questions which encourage reading for detailed understanding|
|The teacher sets a question which encourages reading for gist (general understanding)|
|The text is further exploited for some of the language which was in it|
|Students read with a time limit|
Part Nine – Methodology
Describe briefly what you see as the teacher’s main role in the classroom. Should the language classroom be teacher-led or student-centred? To what extent would you encourage pair-work and group-work and why?
Part Ten – an Extended Piece of Writing
In this part we need to see an extended piece of writing so please answer in continuous prose (as in a semi-formal essay, the type of which you will need to write on the course). We request that you do not use any form of spell-check or grammar-check in writing this section.
The total word limit for the following is 150-300 words but please try to cover all of the prompt questions.
1. What, for you, are the most important qualities of a teacher?
2. Based on the above answer as well as on your work / study experience to date, the Pre-Interview Task and your knowledge and research of the CELTA, what do you expect to be your strengths and weaknesses on the course?
3. Why do you feel that doing the course at this time is the right choice for you?
4. What are your expectations of the course?
5. What are your plans for after the course, e.g., do you plan to return to the same job, do you want to travel, do you want to teach immediately and if so, where, etc.?