CHAPTER 8. 8.1 Consider the following 2007 data for Newark General Hospital (in millions of dollars):




Static                                   Flexible                  Actual


Budget                                 Budget                   Result


Revenues                     $4.7                                      $4.8                       $4.5


Cost                               4.1                                        4.1                         4.2


Profits                            0.6                                        0.7                         0.3




a Calculate and interpret the profit variance




b Calculate and interpret the revenue variance




c Calculate and interpret the cost variance




d Calculate and interpret the volume and price variances on the




8.2 Here are the 2007 revenues for the Wendover Group Practice Association for four different budgets, in thousands of dollars:




Flexible                              Flexible


Static                             (Enrollment/Utilization)       (Enrollment)                  Actual


Budget                            Budget                                      Budget                      Results


$425                             $200                                          $180                         $300




a What does the budget data tell you about the nature of Wendover’s  patients: Are they capitated or fee-for-service?




b Calculate and interpret the following variances




Revenue variance




Volume variance




Price variance




Enrollment variance


Utilization variance




8.3 Here are the budgets of Brandon Surgery Center for the most recent historical quarter, in thousands of dollars:


Static                    Flexible              Actual


Number of Surgeries                1,200                     1,300                  1,300


Patient Revenue                       $2,400                   $2,600                $2,535


Salary Expense                         1,200                     1,300                  1,365


Non-Salary Expense                   600                       650                     585


Profit                                          $600                      $650                   $585




The center assumes that all revenues and costs are variable and hence tied directly to patient volume.




a Explain how each amount in the flexible budget was calculated.






b Determine the variances for each line of the profit and loss statement, both in dollar terms and in percentage terms




c What do the Part b results tell Brandon’s managers about the surgery center’s operations for the quarter?



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